This book presents methodological and application research in detecting cellular and molecular biophysical properties based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanorobotics. Series methods for in situ label-free visualizing and quantifying the multiple physical properties of single cells and single molecules were developed, including immobilization strategies for observing fine structures of living cells, measurements of single-cell mechanics, force recognition of molecular interactions, and mapping protein organizations on cell surface. The biomedical applications of these methods in clinical lymphoma treatments were explored in detail, including primary sample preparation, cancer cell recognition, AFM detection and data analysis. Future directions about the biomedical applications of AFM are also given.
This book presents a novel picture in current advances in research of theoretical and practical frameworks of environmental problems and solutions taken from the latest empirical research findings.The book deals with basic concepts and principles of process, modern biochemical and molecular approaches, genomics and metagenomics, proteomics, remediation strategies of various hazardous pollutants, microbial carbon sequestration and remediation, phytoremediation, bioleaching, biosorption, upscaling of systems, and considers the merit and demerits based on the current literature related to environmental problems and solutions. The book is aimed at professionals, researchers, academicians, and students who would like to improve their understanding of the strategic role of environment protection and advanced applied technologies at different levels. It will be useful for the experienced engineer or scientist working in the field.
This book includes results of the seventh International Conference on Fuzzy Information and Engineering (ICFIE'2014) and the 1st International Conference of Operations Research and Management (ICORM'2014) on November 7-11, 2014 in ZhuHai, China. The book, contains 35 selected high-quality papers, and is divided into five main parts:Part I focuses on ``Fuzzy Systems and Its Applications", Part II on ``Fuzzy Mathematics and Its Applications", Part III discusses ``Fuzzy Information and Computer", Part IV is devoted to ``Operations Research and Management and Its Applications" and Part V includes various other topics.
This book explores the application of external physical fields to the solidification processing of metallic alloys. Leading academics from around the world present comprehensive and critical reviews on state-of-the-art research and discuss possible future directions. Major physical fields, including electromagnetic, electric, acoustic, and thermal, are considered. In addition, the most advanced synchrotron X-ray based real-time and in-situ studies and numerical modeling methodologies are reviewed and discussed, with a special emphasis on their applications to the solidification processes. Throughout, all chapters are illustrated with both historical and very recent research cases, including typical examples of in-situ studies, modeling, and simulation. This book contains essential knowledge and information suitable for a wide audience, from undergraduate and postgraduate students to academics, practicing researchers, and engineers in materials, metallurgy, and manufacturing.
A Two-port Framework for Robust and Optimal Control introduces an alternative approach to robust and optimal controller synthesis procedures for linear, time-invariant systems, based on the two-port system widespread in electrical engineering. The novel use of the two-port system in this context allows straightforward engineering-oriented solution-finding procedures to be developed, requiring no mathematics beyond linear algebra. A chain-scattering description provides a unified framework for constructing the stabilizing controller set and for synthesizing H2 optimal and H8 sub-optimal controllers. Simple yet illustrative examples explain each step.A Two-port Framework for Robust and Optimal Control features:· a hands-on, tutorial-style presentation giving the reader the opportunity to repeat the designs presented and easily to modify them for their own programs;· an abundance of examples illustrating the most important steps in robust and optimal design; and· end-of-chapter exercises.To further demonstrate the proposed approaches, in the last chapter an application case study is presented which demonstrates the use of the framework in a real-world control system design and helps the reader quickly move on with their own challenges. MATLAB® codes used in examples throughout the book and solutions to selected exercise questions are available for download.The text will have particular resonance for researchers in control with an electrical engineering background, who wish to avoid spending excessive time in learning complex mathematical, theoretical developments but need to know how to deal with robust and optimal control synthesis problems.Please see [http://km.emotors.ncku.edu.tw/class/hw1.html] for solutions to the exercises provided in this book.
The over-exploitation of important earth resources such as land and water has led to a number of environment-related problems the world over. At the same time, land-use change caused by various human activities has led to extinction of many plant and animal habitats and species. In this context, the relevance of biodiversity for human survival is becoming a major international political issue as scientific evidence builds on the global health implications of biodiversity loss. These issues are closely linked with the issue of climate change, as many of the health risks due to climate change are associated with rapid degradation of biodiversity. This present work focuses on holistic natural resource-based spatio-temporal planning, development, and management and considers them as essential to save the degraded ecosystem for sustainable resource management. Contributions are compiled in two volumes: 1. Climate Change and Biodiversity and 2. Landscape Ecology and Water Management. Geoinformatics along with its tools such as remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) have been used in assessing the results of various environmental problems both physical and social. The volume will be useful for geographers, geoscientists, hydrologists, landscape ecologists, environmentalists, engineers, planners and policy makers.
This book explores the latest developments in fully homomorphic encryption (FHE), an effective means of performing arbitrary operations on encrypted data before storing it in the `cloud'. The book begins by addressing perennial problems like sorting and searching through FHE data, followed by a detailed discussion of the basic components of any algorithm and adapting them to handle FHE data. In turn, the book focuses on algorithms in both non-recursive and recursive versions and discusses their realizations and challenges while operating in the FHE domain on existing unencrypted processors. It highlights potential complications and proposes solutions for encrypted database design with complex queries, including the basic design details of an encrypted processor architecture to support FHE operations in real-world applications.
Vehicle Power Management addresses the challenge of improving vehicle fuel economy and reducing emissions without sacrificing vehicle performance, reliability and durability. It opens with the definition, objectives, and current research issues of vehicle power management, before moving on to a detailed introduction to the modeling of vehicle devices and components involved in the vehicle power management system, which has been proven to be the most cost-effective and efficient method for initial-phase vehicle research and design.Specific vehicle power management algorithms and strategies, including the analytical approach, optimal control, intelligent system approaches and wavelet technology, are derived and analyzed for realistic applications. Vehicle Power Management also gives a detailed description of several key technologies in the design phases of hybrid electric vehicles containing battery management systems, component optimization, hardware-in-the-loop and software-in-the-loop.Vehicle Power Management provides graduate and upper level undergraduate students, engineers, and researchers in both academia and the automotive industry, with a clear understanding of the concepts, methodologies, and prospects of vehicle power management.
The over-exploitation of important earth resources such as land and water has led to a number of environment-related problems the world over. At the same time, land-use change caused by various human activities has led to extinction of many plant and animal habitats and species. In this context, the relevance of biodiversity for human survival is becoming a major international political issue as scientific evidence builds on the global health implications of biodiversity loss. These issues are closely linked with the issue of climate change, as many of the health risks due to climate change are associated with rapid degradation of biodiversity. This present work focuses on holistic natural resource-based spatio-temporal planning, development and management and considers them as essential to save the degraded ecosystem for sustainable resource management. Contributions are compiled in two volumes: 1. Climate Change and Biodiversity and 2. Landscape Ecology and Water Management. Geoinformatics along with its tools such as remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have been used in assessing the results of various environmental problems both physical and social. These volumes will be useful for geographers, geoscientists, hydrologists, landscape ecologists, environmentalists, engineers, planners and policy makers.
This book demonstrates the concept of ecological system of the smart ports. The innovation is emphasized as the essence of the ecological system as well as the prerequisite and foundation of sustainable development of smart ports. The main supporting technologies of smart ports, including cyber-physical system, middle-office system, blockchain, artificial intelligence, machine vision, AR/VR, system simulation and emulation, digital monitoring and diagnosis, etc., are introduced with concepts and development descriptions as well as practical application cases. It could be used as demonstration and reference for the administrative staff, engineers and technicians as well as researchers in construction and operation of smart ports.
This book provides a systematic description about the development of Isogeometric Topology Optimization (ITO) method using the density, and then addresses the effectiveness and efficiency of the ITO method on several design problems, including multi-material structures, stress-minimization structures, piezoelectric structures and also with the uniform manufacturability, ultra-lightweight architected materials with extreme bulk/shear moduli, auxetic metamaterials and auxetic meta-composites with the NPRs behavior in microstructures. A detailed MATLAB implementation of the ITO method with an in-house code "IgaTop" is also presented.
Dieses Buch beleuchtet zentrale Aspekte und Herausforderungen für Marketing und Innovation in disruptiven Zeiten. Die Digitalisierung und der Technologiefortschritt führen zu strukturellen Veränderungen bei den Marktparteien. So halten immer mehr technologische Innovationen Einzug in den Alltag der Kunden auf Konsum- und Businessmärkten, die deren Verhaltensweisen verändern und neue Marktspielregeln bilden. Insbesondere Informationstechnologien ermglichen über die Erfassung von Kundendaten und Big-Data-Analysen tiefe Einblicke in die Lebenswelten der Kunden, die den Anbietern dabei helfen, ihre Leistungen optimal an die spezifischen Kundenbedürfnisse anzupassen. Diese innovativen Technologien der Anbieter besitzen eine disruptive Kraft, da sie das Potenzial besitzen, das Beschaffungs- und Nutzungsverhalten der Kunden nachhaltig zu beeinflussen. Aufgrund der Neuheit empfinden die Nachfrager in diesem Zusammenhang aber auch große Unsicherheiten, welche die Adaption und Diffusion der neuen Technologien hemmen und damit zu Nachfrage- und Nutzungslücken führen knnen. Vor dem Hintergrund der skizzierten strukturellen Veränderungen auf der Kunden- und Anbieterseite, die durch die aktuellen Entwicklungen auf den Weltmärkten noch einen zusätzlichen Schub erhalten, werden in diesem Werk Lsungsansätze für die genannten Herausforderungen aufgezeigt und diskutiert.
Mit Beiträgen vonProf. Dr. Jost AdlerProf. Dr. Dr. h.c. Klaus BackhausDr. Max BackhausDr. Michael BathenProf. Dr. Peter BillenProf. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Manfred BruhnDr. Katharina Ferreira-BathenClaudia FrankeNils FränzelLorenz GabrielProf. Dr. Ingmar GeigerProf. Dr. Andrea Grppel-KleinProf. Dr. Karsten HadwichNick HofDr. Jens HofmannProf. Dr. Michael JäckelProf. Dr. Frank JacobProf. Dr. Michael KleinaltenkampDr. Pascal KowalczukChristian KramsJulian MorgenDr. Lukas MohrDr. Alexandra MoritzProf. Dr. Katrin MuehlfeldDr. Daniel MühlhausJennifer MusialMi NguyenProf. Dr. Alexander PohlDr. Sonja PointnerProf. Dr. Tilmann RaffArmin RoickJoana RothDr. Kaveh RouhiMaxim SaleschusProf. Dr. Axel G. SchmidtProf. Dr. Tim SchnbornNadine SeitzProf. Dr. Prof. h.c. Bernhard SwobodaProf. Dr. Markus VoethNina WeinmannProf. Dr. Oliver WiesenerDr. Tobias Wolf
This comprehensive book brings together the latest developments in reliability and maintainability methods from leading research groups globally. Covering a diverse range of subject areas, from mechanical systems to cyber-physical systems, the book offers both theoretical advancements and practical applications in various industries. With a focus on reliability modelling, reliability analysis, reliability design, maintenance optimization, warranty policy, prognostics and health management, this book appeals to academic and industrial professionals in the field of reliability engineering and beyond. It features real-world case studies from turbofan engines bearings, industrial robots, wireless networks, aircraft actuation systems, and more. This book is ideal for engineers, scientists, and graduate students in reliability, maintainability, design optimization, prognostics and health management, and applied probability and statistics.